This book chapter by the Center for Court Innovation's research director summarizes the research demonstrating that the problem-solving judicial role directly contributes to reduced criminal behavior among program participants. The chapter also discusses individualized justice (assessing and responding to the needs of each defendant) and predictability (using standardized tools and generating clear expectations). Available in Offender Release and Supervision: The Role of Courts and the Use of Discretion, ed. Martine Herzog-Evans. Oisterwijk, Netherlands: Wolf Legal Publishers. Click here for ordering information.