Violence Prevention and Public Health

Is violence contagious? How does living in a crime-addled neighborhood affect a person’s health? Does improving the health of a community improve community safety? In a new effort to explore these questions, the Center for Court Innovation has been collaborating with the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) and The California Endowment to bring together police chiefs, public health experts, and grant-makers to discuss how law enforcement and public health might share resources and strategies to make communities safer. 

Podcasts

Connections Among People: Tracking and Preventing Violence through Social Network Analysis

Sociologist Andrew Papachristos focuses his studies on urban neighborhoods, social networks, street gangs, violent crime, and gun violence. A Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholar at Harvard University, Papachristos discusses how social network analysis can aid crime prevention. (January 2012)
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Solving and Preventing Homicides through Collaboration

Mallory O'Brien, a researcher at the Public Policy Institute at Duke University, describes how the Milwaukee Homicide Review Commission brings together law enforcement and public health to solve individual homicides. (April 2011)
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What Can Law Enforcement Learn from Public Health?

Anthony Iton of the California Endowment talks about the public health approach to crime and safety problems. (March 2011)
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Deploying Public Health Strategies to Address Drug Addiction

Drug addiction is fundamentally a public health issue, says Michael Botticelli, acting director of National Drug Control Policy, in this New Thinking podcast. Botticelli explains why law enforcement must work in tandem with public health to address addiction and how his own personal experience with addiction inform his work. April 2014)
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Publications

Healthy Communities May Make Safe Communities: Public Health Approaches to Violence Prevention

By Sarah Schweig
Publication in the NIJ Journal No. 273 about how police chiefs, public health directors, and researchers are establishing innovative public health/public safety collaborations to fight crime.
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Seeding Change: How Small Projects Can Improve Community Health and Safety

By Sarah Schweig
"Seeding Change" looks at how public health agencies and law enforcement can work together to improve communities. The report is the product of partnership between the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, The California Endowment, and the Center for Court Innovation.
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Testing a Public Health Approach to Gun Violence: An Evaluation of Crown Heights Save Our Streets, a Replication of the Chicago Ceasefire Model

By Sarah Picard-Fritsche and Lenore Cerniglia
This report presents the results of a comprehensive impact and process evaluation of the anti-violence initiative Save Our Streets, which started in Crown Heights, Brooklyn in 2010.
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Evaluating the Mentors in Violence Prevention Program

By Amanda Cissner
This combined process and impact evaluation supports the effectiveness of a gender violence prevention program adapted for college students, known as Mentors in Violence Prevention (MVP).
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Teens Educating about Community Health: Examining the Efficacy of an HIV/Substance Abuse Peer Education Program

By Rachel Swaner
This report summarizes findings from a six-year process and impact evaluation of a teen peer education program related to HIV and substance abuse in Red Hook, Brooklyn.
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The U.S. Attorney General’s Defending Childhood Initiative: Formative Evaluation of the Phase I Demonstration Program

By Rachel Swaner and Julia Kohn
This report describes the nature and scope of children's exposure to violence in eight sites nationwide that were selected to participate in the Attorney General's Defending Childhood demonstration program. This national initiative aims to: 1) prevent children’s exposure to violence; 2) mitigate the negative impact of such exposure when it does occur, and; 3) develop knowledge and spread awareness about children’s exposure to violence. This report is a formative evaluation that describes the common and unique strategies the sites chose for addressing the problem, and draws key lessons from the planning phase related to collaboration, community engagement, problem definition and framing, implementation timing, data, and evaluation. These lessons may be useful to other jurisdictions that seek to address children's exposure to violence in their own communities.
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Law Enforcement and Public Health: Sharing Resources and Strategies to Make Communities Safer

By Robert V. Wolf
A look at how public health principles, practices, and resources can support law enforcement. This report is based on a moderated discussion sponsored by the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, The California Endowment, and the Center for Court Innovation. A version of this article appeared in the International Review of Law, Computers & Technology, Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012.
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School Safety in New York City: Policy, Practice, and Programs from 2002 to 2013

By Lama Hassoun Ayoub
This brief aims to inform school safety policy for the incoming mayoral administration of Bill de Blasio as well as other stakeholders in New York City. It describes changes in school safety practice, policy, and programs during the previous administration of Mayor Michael Bloomberg (2002-2013). The brief was funded by the New York City Center for Economic Opportunity and the Mayor's Office in late 2013.
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