Research

Publications

Community Perceptions of Youth Gang Activity: Results from Four Tribal Sites

Community Perceptions of Youth Gang Activity: Results from Four Tribal Sites

By Elise Jensen, Amanda Cissner and Warren A. Reich

This study sought to document the nature and extent of youth gang involvement in Indian Country. Through interviews at four tribal sites, we identified three primary themes: the prevalence and characteristics of youth gangs; the prevention, intervention, and suppression strategies developed by tribes to counter them; and more general problems faced by tribal youth—such as substance use and suicidality—that may be more pressing to address than concerns over gang activity. Indeed, the study’s findings suggest that previous accounts of gang activity among tribal youth may have been overstated. The report concludes with a set of recommendations for funders and those looking to conduct research in tribal settings.

Publications

10 Things Courts Should Know About Their Local Intervention Programs for Abusive Partners

10 Things Courts Should Know About Their Local Intervention Programs for Abusive Partners

By Rebecca Thomforde Hauser

This two-page handout designed for courts including programming for abusive partners in their case dispositions lists the 10 most important questions court staff should ask as they consider making referrals and provides general information on national best practices.

Links

Vancouver's Downtown Community Court—Independent Evaluation

This report examines the impact of case management on recidivism in Vancouver's Downtown Community Court.

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0090708&type=printable

Publications

A Person-Centered Approach to Risk and Need Classification in Drug Court

A Person-Centered Approach to Risk and Need Classification in Drug Court

By Warren A. Reich, Sarah Picard-Fritsche and Michael Rempel

This study suggests relying on summary risk scores alone to decide on treatment options for an important, hitherto under-emphasized, subpopulation of drug court participants may be leading to counter-productive outcomes. For the purposes of the study, 265 New York City drug court participants completed two commonly-used risk and needs assessments: the Level of Service Inventory—Revised, and the Texas Christian University Drug Screen II. By examining the pattern of responses used to compile the summary score, rather than only the score itself, study authors statistically identified three distinct groups of participants. One group was distinguished by the confluence of an extensive criminal history, severe mental health issues, and substantial interference in major life roles from substance use.

Download PDF from Justice Quarterly (subs. required)

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Publications

Intimate Partner Violence as a Community Problem: Community Perspectives from Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn

Intimate Partner Violence as a Community Problem: Community Perspectives from Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn

By Suvi Hynynen Lambson and Warren A. Reich

This study documents perceptions of intimate partner violence in the Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York. Using community surveys and focus groups, researchers found just over a third of community members surveyed perceived intimate partner violence to be a major problem in the community. The study also examines some residents’ conflicting feelings about calling for police intervention and the perceived absence of alternatives. It concludes with recommendations to decrease the incidence of intimate partner violence in the Bedford-Stuyvesant community, including: increased education about intimate partner violence; greater attention to the different ways women and men experience and are affected by it; addressing cultural norms about violence; and improving trust in law enforcement.

Publications

What Courts Should Know: Trends in Intervention Programming for Abusive Partners

What Courts Should Know: Trends in Intervention Programming for Abusive Partners

By Rebecca Thomforde Hauser

Programs that work with perpetrators of intimate partner violence are changing as practitioners across the United States employ new strategies to improve outcomes for both offenders and survivors. Courts and judges have an opportunity to build on this exciting time of change. This document describes the innovative approaches to risk assessment, treatment modality, compliance, and procedural fairness that intervention programs for abusive partners are using to enhance victim safety and offender accountability.

Audio

The End of Rikers? A conversation with Courtney Bryan about the Lippman Commission and its recommendation to close the Rikers Island jail facility

The End of Rikers? A conversation with Courtney Bryan about the Lippman Commission and its recommendation to close the Rikers Island jail facility

Rikers Island is “a stain on our great city” and should be closed. That’s the headline-grabbing conclusion of the Independent Commission on New York City Criminal Justice and Incarceration Reform. With influential leaders, including Mayor Bill de Blasio, in agreement, the next question is: Where do we go from here? Matthew Watkins speaks to the Center for Court Innovation's Courtney Bryan to learn more about the Center's role in researching and producing the commission's report, and the steps needed to carry out its recommendations. We also hear a range of activists and reformers react to the pledge to close the troubled jail facility.

Video

UPNEXT: A Second Chance at Life and Fatherhood

UPNEXT: A Second Chance at Life and Fatherhood

Meet Harry, a proud father and an alumnus of UPNEXT, a fatherhood engagement and workforce readiness program of the Midtown Community Court. Learn about Harry's life and his continuing path to success in his career and fatherhood.

Video

What is Procedural Justice?

What is Procedural Justice?

This three-minute animated video provides a simple overview of procedural justice, why it matters, and how it can improve compliance and other justice-system outcomes. Produced with funding provided by the State Justice Institute.

Publications

Co-Producing Public Safety: Communities, Law Enforcement, and Public Health Researchers Work to Prevent Crime Together

Co-Producing Public Safety: Communities, Law Enforcement, and Public Health Researchers Work to Prevent Crime Together

By Sarah Schweig, Nazmia E.A. Comrie and John Markovic

A number of jurisdictions across the U.S. are seeking ways to understand and prevent violence with a broader multidisciplinary approach, treating violence collaboratively as both a public health issue and a crime problem. This report summarizes the results of a roundtable conversation on the topic of public health and law enfrocement collaborations. The roundtable was convened by The California Endowment, the Center for Court Innovation, and the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. 

Video

What Does Reintegration Mean to You? The Muscogee (Creek) Nation Reintegration Program

What Does Reintegration Mean to You? The Muscogee (Creek) Nation Reintegration Program

The Muscogee (Creek) Nation Reintegration Program provides intensive case management and reentry services to tribal members returning to the community from incarceration. The program provides financial assistance for basic needs such as housing, clothing, and groceries, and offers long-term support through educational, vocational, and legal services. This video introduces viewers to the program through interviews with clients, staff and the numerous partners--like prison and court officials--that have allowed the program to help hundreds of clients make successful transitions from prison to home.

Books

To Be Fair

To Be Fair

By Emily Gold LaGratta and Tom Tyler

TO BE FAIR is a compilation of interviews with practitioners from around the country who have worked to implement the tenets of procedural justice in criminal courts. Research has shown that when court users perceive the justice process to be fair, they are more likely to comply with court orders and to follow the law in the future, regardless of whether they “win” or “lose” their case. Improved perceptions of fairness also yield improved public trust and confidence in the justice system. These interviews with judges, attorneys, and other criminal justice experts show the real-world applications—and benefits—of procedural justice. 

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Publications

Demystifying Risk Assessment: Key Principles and Controversies

Demystifying Risk Assessment: Key Principles and Controversies

By Sarah Picard-Fritsche, Michael Rempel, Jennifer A. Tallon, Julian Adler and Natalie Reyes

This paper explains the science underlying risk-based decision-making and explores both the promise and controversies associated with the increasing application of “big data” to the field of criminal justice. While the technology has contributed to important policy reforms, such as the diversion of low-risk groups from jail and prison, debate has arisen over the potential for risk assessments to reproduce existing racial biases, the lack of transparency of some proprietary tools, and the challenge of applying classifications based on group behavior to individual cases. Along with identifying an emerging professional consensus that the careful and ethical implementation of risk assessment tools can improve outcomes, the paper closes with a series of best practices urging jurisdictions adopt a localized, collaborative approach.

Publications

Jail in New York City: Evidence-Based Opportunities for Reform

Jail in New York City: Evidence-Based Opportunities for Reform

This report lays out a series of reforms to significantly reduce New York City's jail population, a move that would also cut costs substantially. To identify ways to safely reduce the use of jail, the New York City Mayor’s Office of Criminal Justice commissioned research on the path of criminal cases from arrest through bail decisions to sentencing. Among the report’s findings:

Download Summary of Report

To hear a podcast with the report's lead author

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Publications

FACT SHEET: Jail in New York City: Evidence-Based Opportunities for Reform

FACT SHEET: Jail in New York City: Evidence-Based Opportunities for Reform

To identify ways to safely reduce the use of jail, the New York City Mayor’s Office of Criminal Justice commissioned research on the path from arrest through bail to sentencing. The research also examined how much taxpayers spend on incarceration.

Download Full Report

To hear a podcast with the report's lead author

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