Research

Publications

Fact Sheet: Newark Community Solutions

Fact Sheet: Newark Community Solutions

This fact sheet summarizes the mission of Newark Community Solutions, an initiative of the Center for Court Innovation that seeks to re-engineer how low-level cases are handled at the Newark Municipal Court in Newark, New Jersey.

Audio

A Hospital-based Approach to Stopping Youth Violence

A Hospital-based Approach to Stopping Youth Violence

In this podcast, Anne Marks, executive director of the Youth ALIVE! hospital-based anti-violence program in Oakland, discusses the history and mission of Youth ALIVE!, its partnerships with local public health and law enforcement agencies, and how funding under the Minority Youth Violence Prevention Initiative is increasing the organization's capacity to serve high-risk minority youth.

Video

The Short Answer: What Alternative Sentencing Options are Available Through Newark Community Solutions?

The Short Answer: What Alternative Sentencing Options are Available Through Newark Community Solutions?

Victoria Pratt, chief judge of the Newark Municipal Court, provides a short answer to the question: What kinds of alternative sentencing options are available to you through Newark Community Solutions?

Articles

Youth Justice Board Issues Report On Strengthening Police-Community Relations

NYC Teens Recommend Diverting More Young People From Justice System

NEW YORK, June 16, 2015 -- A group of teens unveiled recommendations for diverting young people from the justice system to an audience of policymakers and nonprofit leaders from across New York City.

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Interviews

'An Obligation To Solve Problems in the Community': A Conversation With Milwaukee District Attorney John Chisholm

'An Obligation To Solve Problems in the Community': A Conversation With Milwaukee District Attorney John Chisholm

John Chisholm, district attorney of Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, joins the New Thinking podcast to discuss community prosecution, diversion, and his work to reduce mass incarceration and racial inequities in the justice system.

Interviews

Criminal Justice at the Crossroads: Transforming Crime and Punishment

Criminal Justice at the Crossroads: Transforming Crime and Punishment

William R. Kelly, professor of sociology and director of the Center for Criminology and Criminal Justice Research at the University of Texas at Austin, discusses his new book, "Criminal Justice at the Crossroads: Transforming Crime and Punishment," and the costs of mass incarceration.

Articles

In Age Of Black Lives Matter, 3 Young Black Men Share Their Fears — And Hopes

In Age Of Black Lives Matter, 3 Young Black Men Share Their Fears — And Hopes

NPR profiles 3 young participants of the Brownsville Community Justice Center, who share their stories and talk about the issues facing Brownsville today. 

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Video

Meet the Judge Who Assigns Essays in Court

Meet the Judge Who Assigns Essays in Court

Newark Municipal Court Chief Judge Victoria Pratt discusses procedural justice and her work with Newark Community Solutions

Interviews

'Victims, Not Perpetrators': Ohio's Changing Actions To Change Habits Court

'Victims, Not Perpetrators': Ohio's Changing Actions To Change Habits Court

Judge Paul M. Herbert of the Changing Actions To Change Habits Court in Ohio's Franklin County Municipal Court explains how a problem-solving approach to prostitution treats offenders as victims, giving them the support and links to social services they need to escape a cycle of exploitation and abuse. 

Publications

Indigent Defense Reforms in Brooklyn, New York: An Analysis of Mandatory Case Caps and Attorney Workload

Indigent Defense Reforms in Brooklyn, New York: An Analysis of Mandatory Case Caps and Attorney Workload

By Melissa Labriola, Erin Farley, Michael Rempel, Valerie Raine and Margaret Martin

In 2009, New York State’s Chief Judge, Jonathan Lippman, spearheaded legislation requiring the establishment of case caps for indigent defense attorneys in New York City. This report provides a case study of case caps implementation from 2010 through 2014 in Brooklyn, New York. The report finds that indigent defense agencies were successful in using new state funding to achieve compliance with case caps.

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Articles

FACT SHEET: Erie Risk Assessment Pilot

FACT SHEET: Erie Risk Assessment Pilot

This document summarizes early results from the Erie Risk Assessment pilot program. This pilot program is testing the efficacy of the Domestic Violence Risk Factor Guide for Judges, a risk-assessment tool designed to allow judges in domestic violence cases to view language in a petition through the lens of risk factors, to gather additional information as needed, and to apply case law and remedies that would more accurately address the risk indicated by the petition. 

Articles

Mental Health Screening Outcomes Among Justice-Involved Youths Under Community Supervision

Mental Health Screening Outcomes Among Justice-Involved Youths Under Community Supervision

By Warren A. Reich

In this study 812 youths arraigned on juvenile delinquency charges in New York City and placed under community supervision were screened for mental health disorders. Forty-eight percent of boys and 62% of girls flagged for possible mental health problems. The most frequently appearing flags, for mania and posttraumatic stress disorder, were comorbid with most other disorders. While youths who flagged on major depression, anxiety, or attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder were at higher risk for re-arrest, those who flagged for separation anxiety or suicidal ideation were actually less likely to be re-arrested. Published in the Journal of Offender Rehabilitation and available here.

Articles

Predictors of Mental Health Court Program Compliance and Rearrest in Brooklyn, New York

Predictors of Mental Health Court Program Compliance and Rearrest in Brooklyn, New York

By Warren A. Reich, Sarah Picard-Fritsche, Lenore Lebron and Josephine W. Hahn

In this article, mental health court graduation, in-program jail sanctions, and rearrest were tracked for 654 participants in the Brooklyn Mental Health Court. In general, risk factors for negative outcomes included a prior history of arrest or incarceration, having current property charges, current unemployment, homelessness at time of intake, and having a co-occurring substance use disorder. Published in the Journal of Offender Rehabilitation and available here

 

Articles

A Diagnostic Study of the Addiction Treatment Court in Guadalupe, Nuevo León, Mexico: Findings and Recommendations

A Diagnostic Study of the Addiction Treatment Court in Guadalupe, Nuevo León, Mexico: Findings and Recommendations

By Michael Rempel, Valerie Raine, Suvi Hynynen Lambson, Antonio Lomba Maurandi and Joseph Spadafore

With funding from the U.S. State Department, the Center for Court Innovation along with the Inter-American Commission for Drug-Abuse Control of the Organization of American States completed a diagnostic study of the Addiction Treatment Court in Guadalupe, Nuevo León, the first program of its kind in Mexico. (Spanish version is separately available here.) 

 

Articles

New York State’s Integrated Domestic Violence Court Model: Results from Four Recent Studies

New York State’s Integrated Domestic Violence Court Model: Results from Four Recent Studies

By Amanda Cissner, Sarah Picard-Fritsche and Michael Rempel

This article synthesizes findings from four recent studies examining the integrated domestic violence (IDV) court model. Based on a one family-one judge concept, the New York State court system has established more than 40 such courts across the state since 2001. These courts seek to achieve more informed judicial decision-making, fewer conflicting orders, improved service delivery to victims and their children, and a more efficient and comprehensible case processing system. Published in Domestic Violence Report.

To obtain this synthesis of four recent studies on integrated domestic violence courts, click here.

To obtain the full report on Suffolk County Integrated Domestic Violence Court:

To obtain the full report on the Erie County Integrated Domestic Violence Court:

To obtain the full report on interviews with litigants at the Yonkers Integrated Domestic Violence Court:

To obtain the full report examining results in nine other domestic violence courts:

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