Procedural Justice

Publications

The Allegheny County Sex Offense Court: Using Evidence-Based Practices to Increase Accountability and Safety

The Allegheny County Sex Offense Court: Using Evidence-Based Practices to Increase Accountability and Safety

By Rebecca Thomforde Hauser

This monograph summarizes what justice-system practitioners can learn from the growing body of research into effective ways to manage sex offenders and incorporate evidence-based best practices such as procedural fairness, risk and need assessments, and deterrence. As part of that summary, the paper offers an in-depth profile of the Fifth Judicial District of Pennsylvania’s Sex Offender Court. Located in Allegheny County, Pa., which includes the City of Pittsburgh, the specialized court has been in operation since 2011. Working with its partners, the court has created a response to sex offenses that enhances both victim safety and offender accountability.

Publications

Procedural Justice in Action

Procedural Justice in Action

Produced in partnership with the Bureau of Justice Assistance, this handout for criminal justice professionals outlines a series of strategies for implementing and enhancing procedural justice: promoting perceptions of fairness and increasing compliance with court orders and the law.

Publications

Integrating Procedural Justice in Domestic Violence Cases: A Practice Guide

Integrating Procedural Justice in Domestic Violence Cases: A Practice Guide

By Danielle Malangone

This guide is designed to help courts and domestic violence stakeholders assess their current practices and integrate new strategies to enhance procedural justice. The materials in this guide are based upon promising practices identified through both the Center for Court Innovation’s operating programs and national training and technical assistance.

Publications

Cultural Responsiveness and the Courts

Cultural Responsiveness and the Courts

For a justice system to be truly just, it must be accessible to all individuals. However, litigants may face challenges when courts are not responsive to their cultural identity. For survivors of domestic violence, these challenges present additional barriers towards accessing justice and obtaining fair outcomes. This viewers' guide serves as a companion to the short video Building a Culture of Justice, which explains how justice-system staff and stakeholders can serve litigant needs by implementing culturally responsive practices in courts handling domestic violence cases.

Publications

Integrating Procedural Justice in Domestic Violence Cases

Integrating Procedural Justice in Domestic Violence Cases

This fact sheet explains the concept of procedural justice and offers a few simple strategies for courts and domestic violence stakeholders to enhance procedural justice and improve outcomes for both victims and defendants.

Publications

Lessons from Community Court: Strategies on Criminal Justice Reform from a Defense Attorney

Lessons from Community Court: Strategies on Criminal Justice Reform from a Defense Attorney

By Brett Taylor

Since the first community court was created in 1993, a generation of judges, lawyers, and court staff have developed new strategies for working with those charged with low-level crimes. In this report, Brett Taylor shares lessons he learned first-hand from his years working as a defense attorney at the Red Hook Community Justice Center and helping other jurisdictions adapt the community courts model. These lessons are relevant to any court system that seeks to improve outcomes for communities, victims, and offenders alike.

Publications

Advancing Community Justice: The Challenge of Brownsville, Brooklyn

Advancing Community Justice: The Challenge of Brownsville, Brooklyn

By Greg Berman

This monograph starts with a question: What can we do differently to enhance public safety, reduce the use of incarceration, and improve public perceptions of justice in a Brooklyn neighborhood that experiences both high crime and high rates of incarceration? The paper provides answers by looking at new reforms (including place-based interventions, procedural justice and new strategies for crime prevention) that have the potential to reduce offending, reengineer the relationship between the justice system and the public, and help activate a neighborhood’s capacity to help produce safety for itself.

Publications

Procedural Justice: Practical Tips for Courts

Procedural Justice: Practical Tips for Courts

By Emily Gold LaGratta

"Practical Tips" highlights communication strategies that can be used to promote perceptions of fairness in the court context. This resource was developed as part of a multi-year collaboration involving the Center for Court Innovation, National Judicial College, and the U.S. Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Assistance, with guidance from a national advisory board.

Publications

Measuring Perceptions of Fairness: An Evaluation Toolkit

Measuring Perceptions of Fairness: An Evaluation Toolkit

By Elise Jensen and Emily Gold LaGratta

The evaluation toolkit is designed to help judges and other criminal court practitioners assess their use of procedural justice - both in terms of individual practices, as well as agency-level or environmental factors that may contribute to court users’ perceptions of fairness. The toolkit includes a self-assessment, defendant survey, and courtroom observation instrument.

Publications

Improving Courtroom Communication: A Multi-Year Effort to Enhance Procedural Justice

Improving Courtroom Communication: A Multi-Year Effort to Enhance Procedural Justice

This project summary outlines the key activities of the Improving Courtroom Communication initiative, a partnership between the Center for Court Innovation, National Judicial College, and the Bureau of Justice Assistance. Guided by a national advisory board, the project has included multi-disciplinary trainings in four jurisdictions and the creation of practitioner tools to help courts assess and improve their procedural justice practices.

Publications

Improving Courthouse Signage: Procedural Justice Through Design

Improving Courthouse Signage: Procedural Justice Through Design

By Raphael Pope-Sussman

This report describes the planning, implementation, and evaluation process of an initiative to improve signage at the Red Hook Community Justice Center. The initiative sought to improve procedural justice at the Justice Center by making the courthouse easier to navigate and more welcoming.

Publications

Fact Sheet: Newark Community Solutions

Fact Sheet: Newark Community Solutions

This fact sheet summarizes the mission of Newark Community Solutions, an initiative of the Center for Court Innovation that seeks to re-engineer how low-level cases are handled at the Newark Municipal Court in Newark, New Jersey.

Publications

Coming Home to Harlem: A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Harlem Parole Reentry Court

Coming Home to Harlem: A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Harlem Parole Reentry Court

By Lama Hassoun Ayoub and Tia Pooler

This study of the Harlem Parole Reentry Court compares participants in a neighborhood-based reentry program to similar parolees on traditional parole. Results indicate that the reentry court, which implemented a validated and reliable tool for assessing the risks and needs of individuals returning from prison, produced a 22% reduction in the reconviction rate and a 60% reduction in the felony reconviction rate over an 18-month follow-up period. The reentry court also produced a 45% reduction in revocations. Interview findings indicate that reentry court parolees were significantly more likely to be in school or employed and to have positive perceptions of their parole officer.

Read a summary of the report

Listen to an interview with one of the report's authors

Publications

The Role of the Judge in Specialized Problem-Solving Courts: Balancing Individualized Justice and Predictability

The Role of the Judge in Specialized Problem-Solving Courts: Balancing Individualized Justice and Predictability

By Michael Rempel

This book chapter by the Center for Court Innovation's research director summarizes the research demonstrating that the problem-solving judicial role directly contributes to reduced criminal behavior among program participants. The chapter also discusses individualized justice (assessing and responding to the needs of each defendant) and predictability (using standardized tools and generating clear expectations). Available in Offender Release and Supervision: The Role of Courts and the Use of Discretion, ed. Martine Herzog-Evans. Oisterwijk, Netherlands: Wolf Legal Publishers. Click here for ordering information.

Publications

Police & Community: Strengthening Legitimacy

Police & Community: Strengthening Legitimacy

By Greg Berman and Emily Gold LaGratta

The Center for Court Innovation submitted this testimony to President Obama’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing, which was asked to make recommendations to improve police-community relations. The testimony documents the Center’s observations from 20 years of working to improve relationships between New York City neighborhoods and the justice system.

Contact
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