Youth Domestic Violence Court

Overview

Launched in late 2003, Brooklyn’s Youthful Offender Domestic Violence Court was the first court to address exclusively misdemeanor domestic violence cases among teenagers between the ages of 16 and 19. Despite statistics showing that women between the ages of 16 and 24 experience the highest rate of domestic violence and sexual assault nationwide, overwhelmed court systems have not been able to respond effectively to the problem. Defendants usually receive no targeted services aimed at preventing further abuse, and victims receive little in the way of services and counseling. In contrast, at the Youthful Offender Domestic Violence Court a dedicated judge and court room staff are equipped to address the unique needs that teen complainants bring to court. And by linking victims to a specialized services and offering a free 12-week program to teen batterers, the court attempts to engage teenagers and provide services designed to halt the violence. 

How It Works

Key features of the Youthful Offender Domestic Violence Court model include:

Victim Advocacy: One of the Court’s central missions is to enhance collaboration among criminal justice agencies and community-based groups that offer social services and assistance to adolescent domestic violence victims. The Court also has a dedicated teen victim advocate— employed through the counseling services unit of the District Attorney's Office—who is able to devote the time and energy, and has the unique social work skills, to engage teen victims and offer referrals to additional services. The victim advocate is responsible for reaching out to victims to explain the criminal justice process and provide counseling, safety planning, and links to services. 

Accountability: Adolescent perpetrators of relationship violence are mandated as part of a plea to attend a free 12-week program—provided through a partnership with STEPS to End Family Violence—designed to intensively re-educate juvenile batterers and prevent them from continuing the cycle of violence into adulthood. A STEPS group facilitator is in court to provide immediate on-site interviews for program eligibility. A court-employed resource coordinator monitors defendants’ compliance with all programming. Perpetrators appear in court once a month for monitoring purposes, and sanctions for noncompliance include community service and extended time in the program.

Specialized Attention: Informed judicial decision making based on a knowledge of adolescent development and relationship violence among teens is a crucial aspect of the Court. A single Criminal Court judge presides over all teen dating violence cases in the jurisdiction, which ensures consistency. A dedicated and informed District Attorney is also assigned to the Court; previously, teen domestic violence cases were farmed out to non-specialized Assistant District Attorneys who lacked the programs and resources to deal with the unique needs of this defendant population.

Evaluation: The Court has a research and evaluation plan that tracks the number and types of cases heard, dispositions, the number of defendants ordered into the adolescent batterers’ program, the percentage of victims meeting with the teen victim advocate, and overall compliance rates. The goal is to gather comprehensive previously unknown information about adolescent victims and perpetrators of domestic violence, and to track case outcomes under the Youthful Offender Domestic Violence Court model. The court regularly reviews and analyzes these statistics and modifies the program accordingly.

Partners

Partners include the Kings County District Attorney’s Office, Steps to End Family Violence, Safe Horizon, Brooklyn Legal Aid, Brooklyn Defenders, 1B Defense Bar, the police, adolescent mental health and substance abuse service providers and others.

Featured Research

Publications

Testing the Effects of New York's Domestic Violence Courts

Testing the Effects of New York's Domestic Violence Courts

By Amanda Cissner, Melissa Labriola and Michael Rempel

This impact evaluation of 24 New York domestic violence courts found reduced re-arrests among convicted offenders. The courts that prioritized deterring recidivism, sanctioning noncompliant offenders, and addressing victims' safety and service needs had a greater impact on re-arrest than other courts.

Interviews

Lacking U.S. Citizenship, Some Survivors of Domestic Violence Face Extra Challenges

Lacking U.S. Citizenship, Some Survivors of Domestic Violence Face Extra Challenges

Gail Pendleton, co-director of ASISTA, which advises and trains advocates and attorneys who work with immigrant survivors of domestic violence and sexual assault, discusses some of the complex issues non-citizen survivors face. July 2012

Publications

Prostitution Diversion Programs

Prostitution Diversion Programs

By Sarah Schweig, Danielle Malangone and Miriam Goodman

Many communities across the country grapple with how best to respond to prostitution.

Read More

Contact
  • New York
  • 520 8th Avenue
  • 18th Floor
  • New York, NY 10018
  • phone: 646.386.3100
  • Syracuse
  • One Park Place
  • 300 South State Street
  • Syracuse, NY 13202
  • phone: 315.266.4330
  • London
  • Kean House, 6 Kean Street
  • London, WC2B 4AS
  • phone: +44 2076.329.060